ADULT – Original Submission|Articles in Press

Surgical Outcomes After Reconstruction of the Aortomitral Curtain

Published:December 05, 2022DOI:
      Repair of concomitant aortic and mitral valvular disease with involvement of the aortomitral curtain requires a technically complex operation colloquially termed the commando procedure. Surgical outcomes of this procedure are not well described. The objective of this study was to examine outcomes of the commando procedure at our center. We identified all patients undergoing concomitant aortic and mitral valve replacements from 2004–2021. Of 363 patients, 41 underwent reconstruction of the aortomitral curtain. Survival analysis and multivariable modeling were used to examine outcomes and risk factors for mortality. The median age was 52 (IQR 44-71) years. Preoperatively, 4 of 41 (9.8%) patients had renal failure, and 10 of 41 (24.4%) had a stroke. The most common surgical indication was endocarditis in 25 of 41 (61.0%) patients. 25 of 41 (61.0%) patients underwent redo sternotomy, and 23 of 41 (56.1%) had previous prosthetic valves. Operative mortality was 14 of 41 (34.1%), and 8 of 41 (9.5%) patients received a permanent pacemaker. Survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 55.4% (95% confidence interval (CI), 40.6–75.5%), 50.3% (35.0–72.3%), and 37.7% (19.3–73.9%) respectively. Cox proportional hazards regression identified previous sternotomy (HR 4.76, 95% CI 1.21–18.73), and female gender (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.17–13.82) as risk factors for mortality. Patients undergoing reconstruction of the aortomitral curtain represent a high-risk population with complex surgical indications. Due to high perioperative morbidity and mortality, this procedure should be performed only when necessary. Despite a high up front morbidity burden, outcomes remain favorable for patients who survive the initial hospitalization.

      Graphical abstract



      CI (Confidence Interval), HR (Hazard Ratio), IQR (Interquartile Range), LVEF (Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction), NYHA (New York Heart Association), OR (Odds Ratio), SAVR (Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement), SD (Standard Deviation), STS (Society of Thoracic Surgeons), TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement), TEE (Transesophageal Echocardiogram), TTE (Transthoracic Echocardiogram)
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